Mitigation Projects

Sand Creek Conservation Bank

The Sand Creek Conservation Bank is located in northern Tulare County at the base of the Sierra Nevada foothills. This 498.38 acre conservation bank was developed to increase regional habitat conservation for the California tiger salamander, the San Joaquin kit fox, and various vernal pool branchiopods. Prior to entitlement as a conservation bank, the property was owned and operated by a local cattle ranching family whose management objective was maximization of long term yields from the cattle operation. The landowner retained fee title ownership of the property as well as the right to continue cattle grazing, and Wildlands developed the property’s conservation rights. This special agreement enabled the long-time cattle rancher to continue grazing his ground with only minor modification to the grazing regime toward the new objective of maximizing habitat value for the California tiger salamander, the vernal pool branchiopods and the San Joaquin kit fox.

Wildlands gained approval of the Bank by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) on October 3, 2007 to offer vernal pool preservation, California tiger salamander and San Joaquin kit fox conservation credits.

Species Habitats Present On-site

California Tiger Salamander
  • Vernal Pool Fairy Shrimp (Branchinecta lynchi)
  • California Tiger Salamander (Abystoma californiense)
  • San Joaquin Kit Fox (Vulpes macrotis mutica)
  • Western Spadefoot Toad (Spea hammondii)
  • Western Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia)

498 acres

Location: Tulare County, California

Mitigation Types

  • Vernal Pool Preservation
  • San Joaquin Kit Fox
  • California Tiger Salamander

Service Area

- Vernal pool preservation credits are SOLD OUT.

- The CTS upland service area is based on the Southern San Joaquin California Tiger Salamander subpopulation as defined by Shaffer et al. (2004).

- The kit fox service area encompasses a portion of the SJKF historic distribution on the eastern side of the San Joaquin Valley and portions of the known occupied habitat lands of the central and western areas of the San Joaquin Valley.

Approving Agencies

  • U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
  • California Department of Fish & Wildlife (in process)

For additional information on the Sand Creek Conservation Bank, please contact Julie Maddox at (916) 435-3555 or